Stem Cell Transplantation
For the treatment of blood-related cancers and disorders, JACC offers stem-cell transplantation. Transplants often extend lives and even cure some diseases.
Stem cells are the blood cells in the bone marrow, but in stem-cell transplantation, the cells are taken from the blood rather than from the bones. In autologous transplants, your own stem cells are harvested during remission, and in allogeneic transplants, a donor’s cells are used.
Whether you or a donor is going to provide the stem cells, the person whose cells will be used is injected with growth factors, sometimes in combination with chemotherapy, which works with the growth factors to make more stem cells. Next, they are collected by drawing blood, processed, and frozen in liquid nitrogen.
Shortly before the transplant, you will be admitted to the hospital and given a cycle of high-dose chemotherapy to make room for more stem cells. The cycle typically lasts two days for multiple-myeloma patients, six days for lymphoma, and eight days for leukemia. On the day of the transplant, the stem cells will be thawed at your bedside and then infused into your bloodstream.
After the transplant, you will remain in the hospital two days to two weeks if there are no complications.
- Dr. Kiran Yalamanchili, hematologist/oncologist
- Lisa Randolph, stem cell transplant coordinator